Vol. 1, Issue 1 (2015)
Correlation of nutritional anemia and blood group prevalence among adolescent girls in Pudukkottai district of India
Author(s): Prabhusaran N, Nithya N, Sundhararajan A, Asirvatham Alwin Robert, Syed M
Abstract: The main objective of this study is to find out the epidemiological correlates of nutritional anemia and blood group prevalence among adolescent girls in rural areas of Pudukkottai of Tamilnadu. A cross-sectional study was carried out in adolescent girls of ten villages of Pudukkottai district. The relevant information was collected with blood grouping kit and hemoglobin estimation. Among the adolescent girls included, 45.9% and 24.3% supported O and B positive respectively, followed by A positive of 13.6%. Less percentage of negative blood groups identified and no AB negative group registered in this study. The number of subjects included verses various age groups denoted to 228, 375 and 359 among 10-12, 13-15 and 16-19 years respectively. Among them, 121, 191 and 206 cases were found to be severe anemia among 10-12, 13-15 and 16-19 years respectively. Children and adolescent group of girls are the future backbone of the growth of our nation, their nutritional observation and earliest intervention in screening and treatment. Long term policies by government, non-government agencies and the community can be directed to formulate effective plans like eradicating anemia in children and adolescent girls.