Vol. 1, Issue 1 (2015)
Assessment of geriatric oral health quality as related to conventional prosthesis wearing in institutionalized subjects in Jharkhand
Author(s): Vishal Singh
Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the relation between conventional prosthetic status and quality of life of 60-74 year old patients by using the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). Materials and Methods: One eighty eight old patients were divided in three groups according to the type of prostheses: Group 1 included people with complete dentures, Group 2 included people with removable partial dentures, and Group 3 included people with fixed or no prostheses. The resulting data were entered in to a statistical software program, for a statistical significance threshold at P<0.05. Analysis was performed using the Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. Results: The most affected quality of life dimension was discomfort when eating any kind of food reported by 127 (68%) of subjects among them most of them for Group 1 (n=31%). Medication for oral pain 2 % and problem with swallowing comfort fully was least affected. By comparing the three groups of subjects with the Kruskal-Wallis test, the results, the differences were statistically significant only for the questions, (P<0.05) like limit the kind of food, trouble in chewing, discomfort when eating any kind of food, limit contact with people, unsatisfied with look of teeth, medication for oral pain, uncomfortable eating in front of others and sensitivity to hot, cold or sweet foods. Conclusions: In the subjects studied, wearing complete or partial removable dentures was a better predictor and treatment alternative.