Body image concerns and weight reduction attempts among Tanta medical students, Egypt
Ehab A Abo Ali, Salwa A Atlam
Body dissatisfaction and negative body image may serve as impetus for young adults to engage in strict dieting and unhealthy eating behaviors to lose weight. The aim of this work was to study body image concerns and weight reduction attempts among Tanta medical students, Egypt. A cross-sectional survey study was carried out using the Body Shape Questionnaire-16 (BSQ-16). Body mass index (BMI) of participants was calculated. Weight reduction attempt(s) during one year before the study was inquired about. The present study included 800 medical students, of them, 317(39.6%) were males and 483(60.4%) were females. It was noticed that there was a significant association between older age, being in the clinical stage, higher family income, higher body mass index(BMI), current suffering from the chronic medical condition and positive family history of obesity or obesity-related diseases with more body image concerns among studied group (p < 0.05). On the other side, gender, residence and father's education were found to be not associated with more image concerns among studied group (p > 0.05). 447 (55.9%) of study students have attempted weight reduction during the year prior to the study. 65.8% of them have tried to lose weight twice and more. Two-thirds of these trials (66.7%) were personal trials and only 17.0% of them were medically supervised. Most commonly used methods were following diet only and exercise only (40.7% and 32.0%, respectively). More than half of the studied group (58.1%) were a little or not satisfied at all with the results of these weight reduction attempts.