Stigma and discrimination among tuberculosis patients registered at Asarwa DOTs center, Ahmedabad
Dr. Akash Patel, Dr. Vishwas Gadhvi, Dr. Minal Gadhvi
Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most important infectious diseases worldwide and India has highest burden comprising more than 5th of global disease burden. Stigma associated with tuberculosis (TB) is often regarded as a barrier to health seeking and a cause of social suffering
Aims & objectives: To know the impact of stigma and discrimination on tuberculosis care, treatment, and control and also to find the relation of stigma by gender, education, and occupation.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from August to September 2015 at Asarwa DOTS center, Ahmadabad. 58 out of 60 total registered patients participated for the interview. Data was analyzed using Microsoft excel 2007. p<0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
Results: Out of 58 patients, 36(62.0%) were male and 22(37.9%) were female. Among them 10(27.7%) male and 13(59.0%) female were having stigma. There were 13(30.9%) out of 42(72.4%) literate and 10(62.5%) out of 16(27.5%) illiterate were having stigma. 14(41.1%) working and 9(37.5%) non-working participants were having stigma.
Conclusions: There was significant association found between stigma and education and also with gender of the patients. While there was no significant association found between occupation of patients and stigma due to tuberculosis.
rnRecommendations: A positive attitude and moral support from family members can help to reduce social isolation.