Original research article: Measurement of level of serum albumin, creatinine and blood urea level in Indian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Dr. Nikunj R Patel, Dr. Ajay S Rajput, Dr. Ketan K Mangukiya
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of disorders of carbohydrate metabolism in which glucose is underutilized producing hyper glycemia.
Objective: To estimate plasma levels of urea nitrogen, creatinine and albumin in Indian patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Methods: A total of 120 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 50 age and gender matched healthy controls were included in this study. Blood specimens were collected from both groups and measurement of the plasma levels of urea nitrogen, creatinine, albumin, fasting glucose was done and compare results with the study group.
Results: urea and creatinine were significantly elevated with significant positive correlation with blood sugar level. While Albumin was significantly reduced with significant negative correlation with duration of diabetes.
Conclusion: plasma levels of urea, creatinine, and albumin can be used as prognostic markers and predictors of renal failure in diabetic patients especially those with complications such as hypertension and ischemic heart disease.