Prevalence of Non-malignant breast lump in Ahmadnagar Maharashtra: A prospective study
Dr. Ankit Sahu, Dr. Shraddha Sahu
Background: Breast cancer incidence peaks among women in forties in Asia, whereas in western world it is in sixties. By 2020, breast cancer incidence will overtake cervical cancer as the most common cancer in women in India and 70% of the world's cancer cases will be in poor countries, with a fifth in India.
Aims and Objectives: To study the prevalence of non-malignant breast lump in study population.
Materials and Methods: One hundred and seventy five female patients were studied having breast lumps at Pravara Rural Hospital, Ahmadnagar Maharashtra from October 2015 to December 2016. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) was done in each patient to find out the type of nonmalignant lump. Data analysis was performed using IBM SPSS ver. 20 software.
Results: Maximum patients were in the age group of 21-30 years (36%) followed by 31-40 years (24%). Majority of the patients have fibroadenomaas the most common non-malignant lump which was followed by fibroadenosis (17.71%). Intraductal papilloma (4%), benign phylloides (1.71%), traumatic fat necrosis (1.71%), non-caesating granulomatous mastitis (1.71%), chronic non-specific dermatitis (1.71%) were the less common lumps found in present study.
Conclusion: Fibroadenoma and fibroadenosis were themost common non- malignant lumps.