Bilateral bifid ureter: Case report and clinical discussion
Marcelo Abidu-Figueiredo, Noemi S. Barbuto, Lucas AS. Pires, Márcio A. Babinski
The ureters are conduit for urine as they leave the kidney and enter the urinary bladder. Megaureter, ureterocele, and H shaped ureter are diseases that involve this particular structure. Furthermore, these pathologies are often associated with other conditions, such as horse shoe kidney and ectopic kidney. Bifid ureter is one of the malformations of the kidney collecting system - the minor and major calyces. It can be complete, when the division is total and the supernumerary ureter joins the bladder through another orifice, or incomplete, where the ureters merge together. The incidence of this condition is 0.8% in the overall population, although it is more common in women. It is also more commonly found as a unilateral condition. We report a case of bilateral bifid ureter on a male cadaver, discussing the many forms of variation and their clinical significance.