Early detection of dermatological diseases in children admitted to a neurological unit: A retrospective study
Mohammed A Garout, Hani Abdul-Aziz Jokhdar, Mohammad Alkot, Hossam Abdelbaki, Jehad Albitar
Background: Both the central nervous system and skin are derived from the same ectodermal origin during the process of embryogenesis, and thus children with neurologic disorders may have associated skin diseases, an area that needs to spotlight. Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify and analyze the dermatological consultations encountered to a neurological unit. Methods: Dermatological consultations during the last two years from children admitted in a neurological unit were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Out of 1, 103 dermatological consultations, 318 (28.8%) came from the department of neurology. The ratio of male to female was 1: 0.7. Consults were most frequently found from children with Encephalopathy (25.8%). The most common dermatological consultations were Skin infections (25.7%), Eczema/dermatitis (31.5.0%) followed by cutaneous adverse drug reactions (10.8%). Conclusion: This study clarifies the significantly high frequency of skin diseases among hospital-admitted children due to neurological illnesses. Integration between the pediatric neurologist and dermatologists as secondary care providers on one side and the family physician as a primary care provider in the other side may improve the quality of patient care, help to early predict the occurrence of these illnesses, early intervention and subsequent better outcome.