Medicinal and commercial potential of madhuca indica: A review
Jagram Meena, Dhanraj Meena
Madhuca indica and Madhuca longifolia are the two species of Genus Madhuca, belongs from Sapotacase family, which are found in the central and north Indian forests and plains of India. Both the species, which are present in India, are known as ‘Mahua’ and it is widely pronounced local name also. ‘Sweet butter tree’ is also well known name of these trees. These are considered as wild, cultivated tree and medicinal herb. M. longifolia is an ever green or semi ever green tree while B. latifolia is a deciduous tree, growing under dry tropical and sub-tropical climatic conditions. Generally these trees are 15-20 meter tall with a spreading, dense, round, shady canopy. After maturation (8 to 10 year old) these trees start bearing flowers and fruits, and give up to 60 years. Both the species can’t be differentiated on the basis of their purpose, medicinal uses and commercial values. The whole tree is useful as food, fodder and fuel so that, it is categorized in multipurpose forest trees. The seed contains oil and protein in a great amount and the oil content in latifolia is 46% and in longifolia is 52% and protein is 16 mg/g.