Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2016)
Prevalence of Hypoxia in Ipd Patients in Medicine Department of a Teaching Hospital in Ahmednagar
Author(s): Tanmai yarmal, Rahul Gadekar, Arun Tyagi, Marcia Waran, Vasant kataria, Sandip Patel, Kulbhushan Marathi
Abstract: Hypoxia may indicate presence of critical conditions where immediate oxygen therapy is required. Undiagnosed hypoxia may prove fatal and successful treatment of tissue hypoxia requires early recognition. This study was conducted to study the prevalence of hypoxia in IPD patients in Medicine department of a teaching hospital. We studied all IPD patients in medicine department during 30 days of study. Oxygen saturation (SpO2) was measured with the help of a pulse oximeter in all the patients. Hypoxia was diagnosed in a patient when SpO2 was less than 90%. Unnoticed hypoxia was detected in a significant number of patients admitted in medicine department of the hospital. Hypoxia was also noticed in some patients with non-respiratory disease. Therefore, it is concluded that oxygen saturation measurements should be included with other vital parameters like pulse, temperature, and blood pressure, in the monitoring chart of all the patients. Measurement of O2 saturation altered the management of all hypoxemic and several normoxemic patients. Diagnosis of hypoxemia viarnpulse oximetry at a low cost should be expanded in under-resourced settings.