Original research article: Estimation of plasma levels of fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and HbA1c in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Akanksha Menaria, Dr. AK Verma, Dr. Shweta biyani
Background: Type 2 diabetes accounts for approximately 90 to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Multi-system effects of diabetes mellitus such as retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and cardiovascular diseases are important public health concerns.
Objective: This was a cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the significance of glycosylated Hemoglobin, triglycerides and total cholesterol in type 2 Saudi diabetic patients.
Material and Methods: The participants were 120 patients with type 2 diabetes and 80 apparently healthy individuals as control group. Venous blood samples were collected from all participants. The whole blood and sera were analyzed for glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting blood glucose and lipid profile. The statistical analysis was done by using online student t-test.
Results: Plasma glucose, triglycerides and total cholesterol were significantly increased in diabetic patients compared with control group. HbA1c showed positive correlations with fasting blood glucose, triglycerides and total Cholesterol.
Conclusion: It is concluded from the results of this study that HbA1c can be used as a predictor of dyslipidemia in patients with type II diabetes.