Original research article: factors Influencing on status of under nutrition among children in rural population of Gujarat
Dr Dhara I Zalavadiya, Dr Purva B Hathila
Background: The National Family Health Survey (2005-06) data on the nutrition status of children in Gujarat shows that 41.1% of under three and 45% under five children are underweight. Amongst Under three children 49.2% are stunted and 19.7% are wasted. (NFHS 3).
Methods: The study was done in the mandvi area (a Rural ICDS project in gujarat). All the eligible 350 children between the age group 0-5 years as found in the survey register of ICDS project for 2 Anaganwadi Centre’s (AWC-A & AWC-B) at the time of data collection, were included in the study. The prevalence of undernutrition in 2 AWCs was determined and it was compared with records of 2 AWCs. The primary and secondary data was triangulated to confirm pattern scenario of undernutrition.
Results: In Rural ICDS Block, the prevalence of underutrition came out 57.8%.The difference in nutritional grades of undernutrition in the study were not statistically significant (P >0.05) as per their the registration status at AWCs in ICDS scheme. The type of family and family income of household however were statistically significantly associated with the nutritional status of child (P <0.01).
Conclusions: The undernutrition is prevailing in rural area of Gujarat (India), despite the presence of ICDS scheme; suggesting that other host factors in family are also important and service delivery factors in nutrition and health programmes also needs radical relook for tackling undernourished children in Delhi.