Sudden sensorineural hearing dysfunction: A study of prognostic factors
Abhay Kumar Pandey, Deepti Pandey
Background: Knowledge of prognostic factors is vital in disease management and prevention. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is an ontological emergency but in majority of cases hearing recovers spontaneously. Failure of recovery is too costly for the sufferer.
Objective: Present study examines certain prognostic factors of host and disease for influence on recovery from hearing loss.
Method: 29 patients of diagnosed SSNHL, majority in their 50’s were studied for their audiogram characteristics Vis a Vis a recovery or no recovery outcome. The prognostic factors examined were: age, systemic diseases (hypertension and diabetes mellitus), dizziness; degree of early stage hearing loss, type of hearing loss and time of initiating treatment. Relationship between hearing recovery rate and selected prognostic factors were observed.
Result and Conclusion Time of initiating treatment after symptoms manifest; degree of initial hearing loss and age of the affected patients, are factors determining prognosis.