Vol. 2, Issue 8 (2016)
Combined Effect of Cryotherapy and Curcumin on the Exercise Induced Delayed Onset of Muscle Soreness (DOMS)
Author(s): Md. Izhar Gauri, Ranjay, Kumar Choudhary, Moattar Raza Rizvi
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of local application of cryotherapy and turmeric to alleviate the physical symptoms of DOMS compared to conventional physical therapy programs. The study had 18 healthy, untrained subjects. Subjects were then randomly assigned to 3 groups, 6 participants in each group. Subject of group A (n=6) received physical therapy, group B (n=6) received physical therapy and cryotherapy, and group C (n=6) received physical therapy in combination to cryotherapy and turmeric cream supplementation. Repeated concentric and eccentric contractions were used to induce DOMS in the elbow flexors. A visual analog scale was used to examine perceived muscle soreness, a flexible tape measure was used to measure muscular girth and markers of muscle damage (creatine kinase, CK and lactate dehydrogenase, LDH) were measured. The VAS ratings of elbow flexor soreness was greatly reduced after 72 hours in subjects receiving physical therapy+ cryotherapy and those receiving physical therapy+ cryotherapy+ turmeric supplementation as compared to those receiving only physical therapy. There was significant improvement in the elbow range of motion only after 72 hours post exercise in both subjects receiving cryotherapy and physical therapy and those receiving combination of both cryotherapy and turmeric supplementation and physical therapy. Although there was increase in the biceps brachii girth but it could reach a statistical level. The increase may be due to inflammatory response leading to swelling from unaccustomed eccentric exercise. Plasma CK (but not LDH) activity was significantly improved in subject receiving cryotherapy and physical therapy and subjects receiving combination of cryotherapy, turmeric supplementation and physical therapy. Our result showed that cryotherapy along with local application of turmeric may be beneficial to attenuate exercise induced DOMS. Local application of turmeric along with cryotherapy adds on to the effect of management of DOM.