Vol. 2, Issue 9 (2016)
Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection in asymptomatic patients: An observational study
Author(s): Serajuddin, Iqbal Aziz, Albina Shamsi, Shafeeq Ahmad Khan
Abstract: Aim & objective: Viral hepatitis is a major global public health problem, potential of adverse sequelae, including hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is rapidly spreading in the developing countries including India, this study was design to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis b in asymptomatic patients admitted in jarahat (general surgery) ward, AKTCH, AMU, Aligarh, and to correlate the results with gender and ages of the study participants. Material & methods: this observational study included asymptomatic patients of both genders and all ages, they admitted for problems other than hepatitis b and most of them scheduled for general surgical procedure. They were tested for hepatitis b virus (HBV) by kit method, positive samples for hepatitis b referred to tertiary care Centre. Results: a total of 986 patients were admitted and tested for hepatitis b virus (HBV) by kit method, nearly 2.33% cases were found to be positive, hepatitis b was found in 13 (1.31%) male and 11(1.11%) female, however, the prevalence rate appeared higher in males than in females, hepatitis b positive cases referred to tertiary care Centre. Conclusion: It can be concluded that there is needed to adopt organized preventive strategies to overcome this problem and also design a HBV awareness program to help reduce the infection so, therefore HBV vaccination should include in the routine immunization programme.