Vol. 2, Issue 9 (2016)
A critical review on Consequence of Jaloukavacharan (leech therapy) in clinical practice
Author(s): Dr. Archana Nivrutti Bhangare, Sandeep Madhukar Lahange
Abstract: Ayurveda has a Holistic concept of Health. Disease free status of the body alone does not mean health. He whose Doshas are in balance, appetite is good, all tissues of the body and all natural urges are functioning properly, and whose mind, body and spirit (self) are cheerful or full of bliss, is a healthy person. Ayurvedic approach to diagnose the illness is very systematic and scientific. Tridosha (Vata, Pitta and Kapha) are the three Bio-Energies, which govern the body. The concept of these three Bio-Energies is unique. Balance of Tridosha means perfect health, and this is the basic principle of Ayurveda. The theory of Tridosha - the three bio-energies, is very similar to concepts of immunology and stress. While Acharya sushruta explain rakta as fourth dosha because it maintains life of individual in normal condition. If Rakta get vitiated it produce so many disease condition like Raktapitta, Epitasis varicose vein skin diseases etc. The Ayurvedic approach to Life-style (Swasth-Vritta) teaches us the practical rules of behavior that prevents Dosha being disturbed results in an illness. In Ayurveda, primary attention is given to re-establish or balance the Dosha. 'Balance of Dosha is Life and imbalance means illness. Raktamokshana is the main and effective treatment of Rakta when it is being vitiated by Pitta Dosha. There are Siravedh, Prachhan, Jaloukavacharan etc. methods to do Raktamokshana. Among these Jaloukavacharan is quite safe, effective, minimal expensive, easy process to do Raktamokshana.