Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2017)
Relationship of iron deficiency anaemia with folic acid and vitamin B12 deficiency in children
Author(s): Dr. Pankaj Kumar Kashyap, Dr. Sushil Kumar Pathak
Abstract: Paediatric anaemia refers to a hemoglobin or haematocrit level lower than the age-adjusted reference range for healthy children. Physiologically, anaemia is a condition in which reduced haematocrit or haemoglobin levels lead to diminished oxygen-carrying capacity that does not optimally meet the metabolic demands of the body. There are several studies done to find out the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia in paediatric population in India and other developing countries. But there is lack of studies using laboratory depths to find out the particular origin of nutritional anaemia. Hence there was a need tostudy the relationship of folic acid and vitamin B12 deficiency in patients with iron deficiency anaemia in Indian children. The children’s admitted to paediatric ward in Patna Medical College and Hospital were considered in the study. The approval of the Ethical Committee is taken from the Hospital. The written consent from the parents was taken. All patients acknowledged in paediatric ward of this hospital for any complaints were assessed for anaemia The Anaemia is the major health disease in the Indian children. The Iron deficiency is the major cause of the Anaemia. The other nutrients also contributes to the cause of anaemia. Iron deficiency in found the 59% patients. The nutritional anaemia is seen in the 15% of the selected population due to deficiency of Folic acid. Also it can be concluded that the 30% of the Vitamin B12 deficiency children’s had anaemia.
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