A study of esophageal gastro duodenoscopy and its finding in patients of severe iron deficiency anemia
Dr. Manjunath G Anvekar, Dr. Swheta B Savantre, Dr. CR Bhat, Dr. Suresh Putturaya
Background and Objectives: Anaemia is a very common multifactorial condition both among adults and children. Anaemia is one of the major public health problems in India. Iron deficiency anemia due to occult gastrointestinal (GI) blood loss usually remains unnoticed until patient become symptomatic. There is sparse data in anemia patients with or without gastrointestinal symptoms. This study was designed to find out the frequency and predictors of endoscopic lesions in severe iron deficiency anemic with or without gastrointestinal symptoms.
Materials and Methods: A Cross sectional Study of 50 Consecutive patients with severe iron deficiency anemia meeting with Hb<8gm% attending medical services at K.V.G. Medical College Hospital, Sullia, D.K are subjected for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy during the study period.
Result: Of the 50 patients (M-35,F-15),22(M-15,F-7) had normal study,28 (M-20,F-8) had abnormal study of 28 patients 19 had erosive gastritis,4 had esophageal varices, 2 fundal varices, 3 had ca stomach.
Conclusion: There is significant correlation of patients suffering with severe iron deficiency anemia and their upper gastroendoscopic study.