Vol. 3, Issue 11 (2017)
Incidence of acute intestinal obstruction in adults in eastern India
Author(s): Madhurima Prasad, Anuj Kumar Pathak, Rajiv Kumar Gupta
Abstract: This observational study was conducted in rural based medical college of Bihar, during the period September 2014 to June 2015. The aim was to know the prevalence and other related aspects of acute intestinal obstruction in adults. Out of 3192 patients, 41 adults with acute intestinal obstruction were admitted for management. Majority of the patients were between 30 – 60 yrs with a maximum incidence in 5th decade of life. Male outnumbered females. Most of the cases belong to Muslim community and were non vegetarian. Patients addicted to smoking, alcohol, chewing tobacco was the worst sufferer. Majority of the patients presented between 2-4 day with the commonest complain of vomiting and abdominal distension followed by abdominal pain. Dehydration and abdominal tenderness were recorded in most of the cases. The site of obstruction was in small intestine in maximum cases. Adhesion was 6the most common aetiological factor and the nature of obstruction was simple in most cases. Mortality rate was only 9.8%with a higher prevalence in cases with peritonitis and perforation.
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