Vol. 3, Issue 11 (2017)
A descriptive exploratory study to assess knowledge regarding risk factors of coronary artery disease (CAD) among teachers in selected school of Jammu, J&K
Author(s): Jyoti Kapoor
Abstract: The prevalence and incidence of coronary artery disease along with the risk factors profile vary greatly across the regions of the world. Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. The world health organization estimates 3.8 million men and 3.4 million women around the world die from it each year. The global burden of coronary heart disease (CHD) is rapidly increasing to the effect that it is likely to be the most common cause of disability-adjusted life years (DALY) loss in year 2020 as compared to fifth position in 1990. The present was aimed to assess the knowledge regarding risk factors of coronary artery disease (CAD) among teachers in selected school of Jammu, J&K. The sample consisted of 100 teachers of K C Public School, Jammu. Purposive convenient sampling technique was used to select the sample. Socio-demographic profile and Structured knowledge questionnaire was used to assess the level of knowledge. The results showed that majority of teachers 66 (66%) were having poor knowledge followed by 32 (32%) were having average knowledge and only 2 (2%) were having good knowledge regarding risk factors of coronary artery disease. The association of level of knowledge regarding risk factors of coronary artery disease with socio-demographic variables revealed that only age (in years) had significant association with the knowledge. The findings of the research study showed that maximum subjects had poor knowledge regarding risk factors of coronary artery disease. So the nurses, other health professionals and government should pay more attention to health and establish strategies to minimize risk factors and complications for coronary artery disease. Greater efforts to implement preventive measures might reduce complications and might improve quality of life.