A study on risk factors of patients with acute ischemic stroke at a tertiary care hospital
Dr. Johnson George
Introduction: Large vessel intracranial atherosclerosis is the commonest cause of ischemic stroke in India. Only a small number of ischemic stroke cases are able to have the benefit of thrombolytic therapy. Presently, prevention of stroke is the best option considering the Indian scenario through control and/or avoiding risk factors of stroke. Methodology: Patients satisfying inclusion criteria are enrolled within 24 hours of admission after informed consent.100 cases satisfying inclusion criteria was included. Data was collected using a pretested proforma meeting the objectives of the study. Detailed history, physical examination and necessary investigations will be undertaken. Results: In our study, it is observed that hypertension which is the major risk factor for acute ischemic stroke was present in 79 % of patients. Hypertension present in 73% of males & 89% of females. Nearly 60% of males were smokers and alcoholics in the study population. Conclusion: Risk factors like diabetes and dyslipidemia were present in 32% & 8% of the study population respectively.