Vol. 3, Issue 11 (2017)
A study on risk factors of acute myocardial infarction at a tertiary care hospital
Author(s): Dr. Anand Chavan, Dr. Kiran P
Abstract: Introduction: Most common cause of MI is atherosclerosis with superadded coronary thrombosis. Slowly progressive high grade stenosis of coronary arteries can progress to complete occlusion but do not usually precipitate ST elevation MI, probably because of development of a rich collateral network. However during the natural evolution of the atherosclerotic plaque which is rich in lipid core and thin fibrous cap, an abrupt and catastrophic transition can occur, characterized by plaque rupture.
Methodology: In this study 100 cases of acute myocardial infarction patients admitted in ICCU of above hospital studied during the period of 2013 to 2015.The cases are followed up to the hospital stay 100 cases are divided into 2 groups.
Results: Hypertension (36% Vs 48%), DM (38% Vs12%) were the common risk factors among elderly while smoking (52% Vs 24%), obesity (40% Vs 22%) and family h/o CAD (20% Vs 4%) were the common risk factors among younger patients. 28% of elderly patients found no risk factors.
Conclusion: There was no difference between the two age groups with regard to presence of hypertension, Dyslipidemia.