Public knowledge of cardiovascular diseases and its risk factors in Srinagar
It is estimated that 23.3 million people will die by 2030, because of cardiovascular disease. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, high blood glucose level, smoking, obesity and physical inactivity are conventional risk factor. Although cardiovascular disease occurs in the middle age or later, risk factor (smoking, dietary factors etc.) are determined to great extent by behaviours learnt in childhood and continued to adulthood. The present study is aimed to assess Public knowledge of cardiovascular diseases and its risk factors in Srinagar. The study reveals that the majority of the population do not have sound knowledge regarding the disease. They are not well aware about healthy lifestyle practices, have a strong family history of CHD. Knowledge of respondents regarding various nutrition related terms (i.e. phytochemicals, antioxidants, Tran’s fatty acids, saturated fats, bad cholesterol, good cholesterol) is considerably low. Good number of respondents have knowledge about symptoms of heart CVD, however a good number of the respondents have good level of awareness about the dietary habits that can reduce the risk of CVDS.