International Journal of Medical and Health Research

International Journal of Medical and Health Research

(MCI Approved Journal)

ISSN: 2454-9142

Vol. 3, Issue 2 (2017)

Efficacy of Safoof Khabsul Hadeed in iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy: A randomised controlled trial

Author(s): Jeelani C, Dr. Ismath Shameem, Dr. Wajeeha Begum, Wasia Naveed
Abstract: Background and Objectives: Anemia is the commonest medical disorder in pregnancy which exists worldwide especially among the developing countries. Iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy continues to be one of the most prevalent single nutrient deficiencies in the world. The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of Safoof khabsul hadeed in the management of iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy. Methods: A single blind, randomized standard controlled study was carried out at Primary Health Centres in Tavarekere, Hegnahalli and Out Patient Department of the Institute’s Hospital. Diagnosed cases (n=60) were included and randomly allocated to test (n=30) or control (n=30) groups. Inclusion criteria were primigravida and multigravida in 2nd and early 3rd trimester of pregnancy with mild to moderate degree of iron deficiency anemia and exclusion criteria were patients with systemic diseases, severe anemia and high risk pregnancies. Safoof khabsul hadeed 3 gm/day in capsule form and capsule fefol once a day were administered orally for 45 days in test and control groups respectively. The objective and subjective parameters were assessed for improvement during the study period. The results were analyzed statistically using Student‘t’ test and Chi square test. Results: In both groups, highly significant (p <0.001) improvement was observed in mean hemoglobin percentage and packed cell volume. Better improvement in peripheral smear was observed in control group than test group. No significant improvement in subjective parameters was observed in either group. Conclusion: The test drug was as effective as standard drug in improving iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy.
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