Vol. 3, Issue 2 (2017)
A study of placental weight and foetal outcome in different grades of pregnancy induced hypertension
Author(s): Dr. Neelam Sinha, Dr. Sanjay kumar Sinha, Dr. Ramji Prasad Singh
Abstract: Placenta is a feto-maternal organ which is vital for maintaining pregnancy andpromoting normal development of the fetus. The weight of the placenta is functionally significant because it is related to villous surface area and to fetal metabolism. Present study has done to record the placental weight and co-relate with the corresponding fetal weight. In the enrolled study group total 80 placentae were evaluated. From that 40 placentae are pregnancy induced hypertension and 40 are from the normal group patients. In normal pregnant women the weight of foetus is observed as 2.5 – 3.5 kg with the placental weight of 420 – 650 gm. In Severe PIH group of women placental weight is seen as 330-580 gm with the foetal weight of 2.9 – 2.9 kg. In the Mild PIH pregnant women the weight of the placenta is seen as 405-610 gm with the foetal weight ranging from 2.4 – 2.8 kg. Placental weight was significantly reduced in pre-eclamptic pregnancies and it was directly correlated with foetal birth weight. So, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy adversely influence the placental weight, which ultimately, adversely influence the maternal and perinatal outcomes.
Please use another browser.