Vol. 3, Issue 3 (2017)
Profile of congenital heart disease in a semi urban and rural community: Two years’ experience at a teaching hospital
Author(s): Dr. Vijaykumar V Ingle
Abstract: Background: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are an important cause of mortality and morbidity in children representing a major global health burden. It is thus important to determine their spectrum and identify treatable heart defects. Aims: To study the profile of CHD in a semi urban and rural community between age group 0 to 12 years and study different forms and frequency of occurrence of congenital heart diseases in selected cases using echocardiography as diagnostic modality. Methods: In this retrospective study case records of 154 cases of proven cases of CHD were analyzed in detail. Relative frequency of occurrence of each acyanotic and cyanotic congenital heart disease was noted in selected cases. Study period was between January 2015 to December 2016. Results: Of 154 cases analyzed ventricular septal defect was the most common diagnosis.42 cases were detected to have ventricular septal defect followed in frequency by tetralogy of fallot which was echocardiography diagnosis in 38 cases. PDA followed by ASD were next common acyanotic congenital heart diseases detected. In cyanotic cases TOF was followed by transposition pathology complex. Males outnumbered females. Conclusion: We noted that the profile of CHD in our population was similar to the published literature. Congenital Heart Defects are common in our setup and early detection of CHD by echocardiography is a safe and accurate method of diagnosis of congenital heart disease in the newborn and adds considerably to the evaluation of critically sick children.