Vol. 3, Issue 4 (2017)
A cross sectional study of awareness regarding sex determination techniques & gender preference among married women of reproductive age group in UHTC field practice area of government Medical College, Bhavnagar
Author(s): Dr. Disha Mehta, Dr. Harsha Solanki, Dr. MP Singh
Abstract: Background: Skewed sex ratio - major issue due to patriarchal social framework along with sex selective abortions, strong son desire & neglect of girl child in India. Today, with technological advancement in medical diagnosis, discrimination begins even before her birth. Hence present study tries to evaluate knowledge of sex-determination techniques & reasons for gender preference among married women of reproductive age group in an urban area of Bhavnagar. Methodology: A community based, cross sectional study was conducted during August-October 2014 in an urban field practice area of Urban Health Training Centre (UHTC) which is facilitated by Community Medicine Department, Government Medical College, Bhavnagar. Urban field practice area of UHTC is having total 1355 households, 10% of households (i.e. 135) were selected by systematic random sampling. One married woman of reproductive age group from selected household having at least one live child & willing to participate was selected randomly & interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. The information was collected regarding awareness of sex determination techniques & gender preference & analyzed using Epi Info Software 7. Results: Awareness of sex determination practices among study subjects was good of which majority (73%) mentioned USG as method, majority (62.9%) knew place of sex determination as well as 98.9% women knew that sex determination is crime & 94.4% women were aware about penalty for the same. Very few women (31.1%) desired more children of which 50% women mentioned male child preference. Major reasons for male child were to carry forward family name, old age support & economic support. Conclusion: Knowledge of sex determination techniques was good as well as strong male child preference were observed among study participants.