Vol. 3, Issue 4 (2017)
Most common risk factors of falls in the elderly population
Author(s): Vesna Kević, Kosana Stanetić, Gordana Tešanović, Mirko Stanetić
Abstract: Introduction: The elderly population ages more quickly in comparison with general population, resulting in a larger number of falls. Aim: The aim of the paper is to investigate the risk factors of falls in the elderly population who seek treatment at the Banja Luka Family Health Center dispensaries. Methods: The research is actually a prospective cohort study covering March 20 - May 20 2016 periods. The study encompassed patients aged 65+ who sought treatment at the Banja Luka Family Health Center dispensaries. The patients were interviewed and data from both electronic and register charts were used. The data collection instrument was a general questionnaire covering social-demographic information as well as the Tinetti Gait and Balance instrument. Results: The research covered 208 patients aged 65+, i.e. 81 males (38.9%) and 127 females (61.1%). The results indicated a significant statistical connection between the age (p = 0.000), physical activity (p = 0.000), number of patient’s household members (p = 0.006) and patient’s level of education (p = 0.000) on one side and the risk of falls in the elderly population on the other side. In addition, the results specified that the sex (p = 0.170) and the nutrition degree (p = 0.477) had no statistically relevant impact on the risk of falls. Conclusion: As the elderly population and their number of injuries and falls are increasing worldwide, it is crucial to pay attention to our senior population, identify their risks of falls, and design prevention measures in order to avoid injuries and consequences. Hence, family doctors play a pertinent role.