Vol. 3, Issue 4 (2017)
A profile of common morbidities among geriatric population attending at a new tertiary care institute
Author(s): Brij Bhushan Tyagi, Bidhu Kalyan Mohanti, Narendra Kumar Bhardwaj, Priya Tiwari, Danish N, Vinod Raina
Abstract: Background: Health problems in the geriatric age group are an important component of any healthcare delivery system. Age related changes in immune system and degenerative phenomenon renders the people in this age group susceptible to a variety of infections, neoplasms and other disabilities. Aim: To find out the morbidity pattern among geriatric population. Objective of this study: To identify the morbidity pattern and compare the results at international level (references) to disease burden among the geriatric population. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was conducted amongst admitted cases from January 1st, 2014 to December 31st, 2014 at Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI). Morbidity and mortality were assessed by history taking, clinical examination, and by reviewing the past records of the patients from medical record section. Results:The total number of elderly patients ≥ 65 years were 3125.Out of the total cases, 1808 (57.9%) were males and 1317 (42.1%) were females. The leading causes of morbidity in males were chronic Ischaemic Heart Disease (7.6%) followed by Hypertension (7.1%), Lung Cancer (4.5%), Diabetes Mellitus (2.9%) and senile Cataract (2.8%). In females, leading causes of morbidity were Breast Cancer (8.4%) followed by hypertension (7.4%), Cancer of Ovary (5.0%), Gonarthrosis (4.0%) and senile Cataract (3.7%). A statistically significant association was found between males and females. Conclusion: The study revealed that elderly were suffering from many chronic disorders. Such common comorbidities need preventive, curative and rehabilitative services. Hence, this data will enhance understanding of the health status of the elderly and morbidity pattern and it will help to prepare appropriate intervention strategies.