Socio demographic profile of HIV seropositive patients at ART centre, PGIMS, Rohtak
Dr. Sudhir Atri, Dr. Rahul Rathee, Dr. Dhiraj Kumar, Dr. Varun Yadav
Aim: To study the socio – demographic profile of HIV seropositive patients attending ART centre, PGIMS, Rohtak. Study Design: It is a cross-sectional study. Study Area: ART Centre, Postgraduate institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana. Study subjects: HIV seropositive patients attending ART centre, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana. Sample Size: 19841. Sample Period – 21st July 2006 to 30th June 2016. Results: In the study group 61.36% were male, 38.52% female and 0.11 transgender. Maximum i.e. 65.41% of study group belong to 15-45 years of ages and out of this 23.65% belong to 15-25 years of age group and 41.75% belongs to 25-45 years age group. Pertaining to castes, 59.61% belonged to general category followed by 17.91% scheduled caste, 0.51% scheduled tribes and 21.95%.Ooher backward classes. 37.0% of the study group was illiterate and 63.0% were literates. Regarding occupation, 26.53% were transport workers followed by 19.36% labourers, 17.80% self employed, 4.50% students / unemployed, 4.26% in-service and 2.30% retired. 70.98% of the females ever registered were housewives. In the study group 59.20% patients were from rural areas and 40.80% were from urban region. In the study group 65.20% of the patients had a monthly income of less than Rs. 5000/-. Voluntary testing was most common mode of entry point constituting 79.35% of the study group. In the study group, based on self-reporting, among the individuals at high risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV infection, majority i.e. 21.48% were truck drivers followed by 4.42% migrants, 2.0% homosexual men, 1.86% female sex workers, 1.84% injection drug users and 0.1% transgender. Conclusions: Epidemiological studies should be carried out in various settings to understand the role and complex relations of innumerable behavioural, social and demographic factors, which will help to interrupt and control the transmission of HIV/AIDS.