Risk of developing diabetes in the Indian youth: An evaluation using Indian diabetes risk score (IDRS)
Dr. Shweta Sahai, Dr. Nishtha Ahuja
Background: Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has increased beyond the proposed value in India; hence it is very necessary to screen population to recognize T2DM patients earlier to prevent associated complications. Aims and objective: To evaluate and spread the awareness regarding risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus using Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study on 100 students having age between 18-25 years of either sex was performed on students of Madhav Institute of Technology and Science (MITS), Gwalior. Age, sex, waist circumference, details of physical activities and family history of diabetes were recorded by giving a questionnaire to each student. All the participants were assessed using pre-validated IDRS questionnaire based on that risk was calculated as high (≥60), moderate (30-50) and low risk (<30.)Results: Male predominance was observed (76%) in present study. Out of 100 subjects among male, 56 (73.68%) and 20 (26.31%) has moderate and low risk for developing diabetes mellitus whereas all the females of study cohort have moderate risk of developing diabetes. None of subject had high risk of diabetes development. Conclusion: IDRS is an effective tool to screen high risk individual in order to design strategies for future prevention and delay type 2 diabetes mellitus onset.