Anemia among patients visiting the Department: A clinical study
Manjinder Singh, Gurpreet Kaur
Background: Anemia is a global public health problem which affects both the developing and the developed countries. The present study was conducted to assess the number of cases with anemia. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted in department of general medicine in year 2015. It included 1025 patients. Hemoglobin (Hb) level was estimated by the cyanmethaemoglobin method. Anemia was classified into mild, moderate and severe. All the patients had their height and weight measured. BMI was calculated as the weight in kilograms, divided by the square of the height in meters. The BMI was further categorized into low (<18.5 kg/m2), normal (18.5-24.9 kg/m2) and high (>25 kg/m2). Results: Out of 1025 patients, male were 480 and females were 545. The difference was non – significant (P- 0.21). Mild anemia was seen in 210 males and 280 females. Moderate was seen in 165 males and 115 females. Severe was seen in 105 males and 150 females. Age group 18-28 years had 240 males and 320 females, age group 29-38 years had 75 males and 45 females, age group 39-48 years had 115 males and 95 females, >48 years had 50 males and 85 females. The difference was significant (P < 0.05). Low BMI was seen in 290 males and 250 females, normal in 110 males and 145 females and high in 80 males and 150 females. Socio- economic status was low in males (325) and females (345), middle in males (110) and females (125) and high in males (45) and females (75). The difference was significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Anemia is common among population. Proper diet and nutrition level is required to prevent developing anemia. Young adults are more prone to the anemia.