Vol. 3, Issue 5 (2017)
Effectiveness of low impact versus high impact exercises to improving the functional ability in osteoporotic females
Author(s): Dr. A Anitha, Dr. MV Sowmya, Dr. S Senthil Kumar
Abstract: Background: Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones. Physical activity helps reduce the rate of bone mineral loss that occurs as we age and which results in osteoporosis. This study states that the high and low impact exercises were improve the functional ability. Objective: To prove the effectiveness of low impact to high impact exercises in improving the functional ability in osteoporotic females. Subjects and Methods: 40 subjects with osteoporosis of age group between 50-60years were recruited for the study and were randomly assigned to either one training group. randomly assigned into group A and group B. Subjects of Group A were taught low impact Exercises like exercises that use own body weight such as squats, toe standing, step aerobics and walking 3 – 5 days a week 20 to 30 minutes per day with a rest period of 30 seconds between each exercise. Subjects of Group B were taught high impact Exercises like running, stair climbing, jumping rope, and high impact aerobics like step up aerobics using dumbbells (2kg) 3 – 5 days a week 20 to 30 minutes per day with a rest period of 30 seconds between each exercise. Out Come Measures: Katz Index of Independence of activities of Daily Living Study Design: Experimental Design Results: The collected data was tabulated and analysed using inferential statistics to assess all the parameters mean and standard deviation was used. To find out significant changes within the group of pre and post-test by unpaired t-test was used. The two-tailed P value is less than 0.0001 by conventional criteria; this difference is considered to be extremely statistically significant. Conclusion: People with existing osteoporosis can also benefit from exercise. This is because a sedentary lifestyle (little exercise) encourages the loss of bone mass. Exercising regularly can reduce the rate of bone loss. This study proves the effect of low impact exercises can improve the functional ability among osteoporotic females.
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