Vol. 3, Issue 6 (2017)
Study of blood pressure and factors affecting in adolescent males of slum area in Raipur city Chhattisgarh
Author(s): Sanjeev KR Suman, Sharja Phuljhele, Kavita Jangdey
Abstract: Background: A Major urban population residing in slum area, which belongs to low socioeconomic status. Communicable diseases are very common in these population but recent studies reveals that noncommunicable diseases like hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, also a major health problem. Trend of high blood pressure also raised in adolescent and childhood like older age group, above study is aimed to know the prevalence of blood pressure and factors affecting in adolescent of slum area. Objectives: To assess the blood pressure and prevalence of hypertension and the associated factors among male adolescents (10-19 years). Materials & Methods: This Cross sectional study was conducted among 600 adolescent males living in slum area in Raipur city from July 2012 to 2013. All adolescent males studied were undergone anthropometric measurement and calculate body mass index (BMI) and three times blood pressure measured and result were compared and analyze with WHO standard. Results: Out of the total 600 adolescent males, 13 (2.1%) cases were hypertensive. Rising trend of BP is observed as age advanced except in age group of 12-13 years (1.65%). Maximum no of cases were seen in 18-19 years of age group (4.76%). The mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) 108.72 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 64.23 mm Hg. When compared the BP with BMI observed maximum no of hypertensive cases, 8.33% in overweight. In relation to addiction likes (smoking, tobacco chewing, and alcohol) the raised blood pressure seen in 5.2% of addicted population as compared to 1.44% in no addicted population.