Vol. 3, Issue 6 (2017)
Evaluation of location of lateral circumflex femoral artery present in human limb
Author(s): Dr. Manoj Kumar Jayaswal
Abstract: The lateral circumflex femoral artery arises from the side of the deep femoral artery, which supplies much of the musculature in the front and middle compartments of the thigh. Some of its vessels penetrate through the muscles to the back compartment and contribute to the supply of the hamstrings. The lateral circumflex femoral artery passes behind the Sartorius and rectus femoris muscles, where it divides into three branches: the ascending, transverse, and descending branches. The lateral femoral circumflex artery ascends from the lateral side of the Profunda femoris artery, permits horizontally between the separations of the femoral nerve, and after the Sartorius and rectus femoris, and splits into ascending, transverse, and descending branches. The surgeons must be aware of variations in level of origin and branching pattern of PFA to avoid iatrogenic complications. This knowledge is also useful to radiologists in interpreting radiographs and to anatomists for new and rare variations. There are total 41 limbs are observed where the origin of lateral circumflex femoral artery is on lateral side. The 8 cases are where Origin from FA common stem with PFA. There are only 3 cases where Origin from femoral artery superior to Profunda femoris artery. The only one limb is seen with lateral circumflex femoral artery is absent.