Epidemiology of atopic dermatitis among children in Jazan Region, Saudi Arabia
Mohammed Alhazmi, Abdulhameed Basudan, Abdulrahman Moafa, Mohammed Faqihi, Alhussen Khawaji, Taher Mahnashi, Yaseen Haddadi, Abuobaida Yassin
Little information is available about the prevalence of these diseases in Jazan Region, Saudi Arabia, especially among the children. This study cross-sectional study was designed to identify the prevalence of AD symptoms among children in Jazan Region Saudi Arabia using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children questionnaire phase I. The total study population was 1032, most of them were Saudi 911 (88.35%) and male students were 591 (57.3%). The mean age of participant 13.2± 1.5 years. According to the residency 578 (56.0%) students were lived in urban. Most of the students lived in plain area 718 (69.6%). Intermediate school students account 62.3% of total students; about 56.5% of them were male. The prevalence of AD-related symptoms was 118 (11.4%), in which male account 55.9% of them. Only 7.4% of participants had PMH of AD with clear statistical significance difference in prevalence according to the gender (p-value = 0.005), nationality (p-value = 0.001), and level of education (p-value = 0.034). AD was confirmed by doctor in 8.9% of participants with clear statistical significance difference in prevalence according to the gender (p-value = 0.000), nationality (p-value = 0.000), residence (p-value = 0.002), and geographical distribution (p-value = 0.034) this most likely due to environmental factors that shared between participants.