International Journal of Medical and Health Research

ISSN: 2454-9142

Vol. 3, Issue 7 (2017)

Assessment of efficacy of local anaesthetic solutions for venepuncture: A comparative study

Author(s): Somnath Longani, Dr. Rajiv Lakhotia, Dr. Jaishree Bogra, Dr. Archana Aggarwal
Abstract: Background: In paediatric patients, topical local anaesthetic solutions are routinely used during venepuncture and venous cannulation. EMLA (eutectic mixture of local anaesthetics) and Ametop gel are two such topical solutions used in the field of anaesthesia. Hence, we planned the present study to compare the efficacy of Ametop and EMLA in paediatric patients.
Materials & Methods: The present study included assessment of efficacy of different anaesthetic solutions for venepuncture. A total of 100 paediatric patients were included and were divided randomly into two study groups. Group A consisted of subjects who received EMLA while the other group consisted of subjects who received Ametop gel. On the dorsum of the hands, the preparation was applied followed by covering with occlusive dressing. A five point behavioural scale was used for assessing the extent of pain. All the results were compiled and analysed by SPSS software.
Results: The mean application time in EMLA group and Ametop group was 1.96 hr and 2.05 hr respectively. 18 subjects in the EMLA group and 27 subjects in the Ametop group should no response. Crying was seen in 8 and 3 paediatric subjects in the EMLA group and Ametop group respectively.
Conclusion: Significantly more effective anaesthesia is provided by Ametop gel in paediatric patients in comparison with EMLA.
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