Awareness and attitude about ventilator-acquired pneumonia among post-graduate medical and physiotherapy students working in high dependency ward and intensive care center: A survey
Dr. Urjita P Modi, Dr. Dipmala N Silajiya, Dr. Anisha Anshu, Dr. Advait Thakor, Dr. Nehal Shah, Dr. Pranav Modi
Background: Ventilator-acquired pneumonia (VAP) is the most common hospital-acquired infection among patients who receive mechanical ventilation for longer than 48 hours in the intensive care unit (ICU). VAP is associated with increases in morbidity and mortality, hospital length of stay and costs. Hence, there is also need to determine the knowledge and awareness of the medical staff about VAP. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study of 151 Post Graduate Students was conducted using a pre-validated multiple-choice questionnaire developed for post graduate students to evaluate knowledge of VAP and its prevention. All Medical and Physiotherapy Post Graduate Students posted In ICU and High Dependency Ward were included in the study. Students not willing to participate were excluded. Results: 86.5% of respondents recognized the importance of recumbent position for prevention of VAP. Of respondents, 95 (62.91%) knew that VAP occurs > or equal 48 hours after endotracheal intubation and almost 78% reported preferring the use Closed suction system is recommended. The difference between the knowledge of male and female participants was statistically significant (p<0.001). Similarly statistically significant difference was seen between various fields (p<0.0001) while other variables like ICU experience and Different Courses were not statistically significant by using ANOVA test (p= 0.466; p= 0.084) Conclusions: The results of this study can be used to focus on educational programs on prevention of VAP. Knowledge alone cannot be considered for prevention of VAP but practice along with it is recommended.