Prevention of nausea &vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy by administration of Droperidol and Metoclopramide
Dr. Shashi Bhushan Sinha
Many of the patients have described that averting of PONV is of higher distress than escaping post-operative pain. PONV is also related with deferred release from the recovery room and persistent hospital care and, consequently it results in the increase in the health care expenditures. The study was planned in the north Indian hospital. The age group of the patients is ranges from 20 to 60 years. Total 50 patients were evaluated for the study. GROUP A: Patients received inj. droperidol 20 mg per kg or injection, whereas GROUP B: Patients received inj. metoclopramide 0.2 mg per kg. The patients undergoing the general anaesthesia for the laparoscopic cholecystectomy experience more nausea and vomiting. Hence from the present study population it can be concluded that the administration of droperidol and metoclopramide is useful in the controlling of the Postoperative nausea and vomiting. The metoclopramide showed less side effects as compared to droperidol. Also there are some recent reports of the droperiodol causing the cardiac complications on higher doses. Hence we had used very low dose of it.