Prevalence of megaloblastic anemia in people of Gwalior Chambal region
Dr. KK Magnani, Dr. Shilpi Sikarwar, Dr. Nitesh Rawat
Background: Megaloblastic anemia (MA) is common type of anemia in Indian population during recent years. Unrecognized or misdiagnosed MA can lead to significant morbidity. Data is insufficient regarding its prevalence in our area.
Aims and Objective: To study the prevalence of MA in general population of study place.
Materials and Methods: An observational study including 4890 subjects having clinical features suggestive of anemia at Department of Pathology, GR Medical College and JA group of Hospitals, Gwalior. The study was carried out during the period from May 2016 to April 2017. All the patients were evaluated for complete blood count along with RBC indices and PBS (peripheral blood smear) examination was done.
Results: Mean age of study cohort was 27.55±9.77 years with female preponderance (55.02%). Prevalence of MA in present study was 12.35%.
Conclusion: Prevalence of MA is high especially in young population in study cohort. Supplementation through implemented nutritional education programmes and education regarding diet patterns may overcome this deficiency.