To find out different causes of female infertility with diagnostic laparoscopy and their comparative frequency in primary and secondary infertility.
Study Design: A case series.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Index Medical College Hospital and Research Center, Indore. MP. June 2015 to July 2016.
Methodology: All infertile women underwent diagnostic laparoscopy for primary and secondary infertility during the study period were included. Couples who had not lived together for at least 12 months, and those with male factor infertility were excluded. Data were collected on a proforma, and analysed. Frequencies were calculated for laparoscopic findings regarding primary and secondary infertility.
Results: Fifty infertile women underwent laparoscopy during the study period, 32 (64%) had primary infertility while 18 (36%) secondary infertility. Eight (25.0%) patients with primary and 2 (11.1%) patients with secondary infertility had no visible abnormality. The common finding was tubal blockage in 7 (21.9%) and 6 (33.3%) cases of primary and secondary infertility respectively. Five (15.6%) cases of primary infertility were detected as polycystic ovaries (PCO) which was not found in cases of secondary infertility. Endometriosis was found in 4 (12.5%) cases with primary infertility and 2 (11.1%) cases with secondary infertility. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) was found in 1 (3.1%) and 2 (16.7%) cases of primary and secondary infertility respectively. Peritubal and periovarian adhesions were detected in 2 (6.3%) cases with primary infertility and 4 (22.2%) cases with secondary infertility. Fibriod was found in 2 (6.3%) and 1 (5.6%) cases of primary and secondary infertility respectively. Ovarian cyst detected in 2 (6.3%) cases with primary infertility while none was found in cases of secondary infertility.
Conclusion: Most common causes responsible for infertility were tubal occlusion, endometriosis, peritubal and periovarian adhesions. Ovarian causes were seen in primary infertility only.