Vol. 4, Issue 10 (2018)
The excessive daytime sleepiness and burnout status in preclinical medical students
Author(s): Gülsüm Akdeniz, Selda Keskin Guler, Cem Ozgen, Ebru Evran, Tahir Kurtulus Yoldas
Abstract: Objective: Sleep quality and daytime sleepiness affect the cognitive abilities and performance of medical students. Daytime sleepiness of pre-clinical medical students may be associated with burnout syndrome. The study aimed to investigate the relationship and between daytime sleepiness and burnout syndrome among medical students and factors which affect daytime sleepiness and burnout syndrome. Material and Method: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study of 189 pre-clinical medical students. Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and a sociodemographic information form were used as data collection tools. Results: 131 (69.6%) of the 189 medical faculty students in the study were female and 58 (30.4%) were male. The average age of participants was 20.07 ± 2.33 years, and all were single. The average duration of night sleep for the students is 7.35 ± 1.26 hours. The daytime sleepiness was found as being severe (4.7%), intermediate (%7.8), moderate (%14), increased (44%) and normal (29.5%) of the students. MBI scores of students whose academic achievement grade is equal to 60 or higher than 60 were lower than students whose academic achievement grade is below 60. In this study, there was a positive correlation between daytime sleepiness and the subgroups of burnout syndrome which are emotional exhaustion and cynicism. Conclusion: The elimination of daytime sleepiness of preclinicalal medical students and the training of coping with stress may benefit students by increasing academic success and training more successful doctors.