Vol. 4, Issue 10 (2018)
A study of basic knowledge of epilepsy among male medical student in Majmaah University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in 2018
Author(s): Anas Saad Alsaab, Ahmad Nueva Almutairy, Syed Meraj Ahmed, Abdullah Ayidh Alotaibi, Hamad Abdullah Alsheikh, Khalid Ayidh Alotaibi
Abstract: Background: Epilepsy is one of the world's most common chronic neurological disorders. The aim of this study is to assess the basic knowledge of epilepsy among male medical student in Majmaah University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Method: This study is a community based cross-sectional study; to assess the basic knowledge of epilepsy among male medical students in Majmaah University. A Pre-tested questionnaire is used in data collection. The date collected using the questionnaire is analyzed by computer using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22. Results: The data was collected from 129 male students. Positively, 86.8% of the sample were able to define seizure as an abnormal electrical discharge in the brain.72.9% said it is caused by A head injury, while 65.9% said it is caused by Brain tumor and 51.9% and 50.4% aid it is caused by Genetic disease and Stroke, respectively. Concerning the types of seizures, 74.4% of the students were able to define the tonic-clonic seizure, 71.3% were able to identify the complex partial seizure and 69% identified the simple partial seizure. Approximately 26% of the sampled students think that epilepsy cannot be cured, while 49% think it can be cured. 43% of the sample students see that antiepileptic drugs should be taken for life, while 30% see that antiepileptic drugs should be taken for3-6 months. Concerning what should be done during seizure, 71.3% said place the person in a semi-prone position to prevent choking, while 43.4% said place something in the mouth to prevent biting the tongue and 32.6% said give an antiepileptic drug during the episode. 50% of them have good level of knowledge, while 35.7% have moderate level of knowledge. Conclusion: The medical male students of Majmaah University are well aware of the knowledge of epilepsy and it being a medical condition. However, the students need to be educated early on in their training to be physicians, about certain aspects and details of the neurological disorder.