Vol. 4, Issue 10 (2018)
Study on prevalence of needle stick injury and its management among waste handlers in Kasturba Hospital, Bhopal (M.P.)
Author(s): Padma Bhatia, Dileep Dandotiya, Anshuli Trivedi, Pradeep Dohare
Abstract: Introduction: Needle stick injuries (NSIs) are the most common source of occupational exposures to blood and the primary cause of blood-borne infections among health care workers. These injuries usually occur during activities such as transfusion, blood sampling, needle disposal, waste collection, transferring body fluids and blood. Injuries due to contact with contaminated needles, may have serious physical and psychological consequences. Objectives: 1) to determine the prevalence of needle stick injuries amongst biomedical waste (BMW) handlers. 2) To study the knowledge and practice of needle stick injury among biomedical waste handlers Materials & method: A cross sectional study was conducted among 200 waste handlers by pre tested semi structured questionnaire in a public sector hospital. Results: The prevalence of needle stick injury in the present study was found to be 16.0%. Of 89(44.5%) participants had knowledge that NSI can cause hepatitis B during BMW handling and 108 (54%) participants had knowledge that it can lead to HIV infection among them. Conclusion: A gap between knowledge and practice with regards to NSI was observed among HCWs. Practices related to pre and post exposure prophylaxis following NSI was inadequate.
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