Vol. 4, Issue 10 (2018)
Prevalence of stress urinary incontinence amongst women attending gynaecology OPD at an Urban Women’s Hospital
Author(s): Dr. Atul Seth, Dr. Jai Pratibha Varshney, Dr. Arunav Sharma, Dr. Kedarnath S
Abstract: Background: Urinary incontinence (UI) is one of the most common diseases amongst women. The different types of UI can be stress urinary incontinence (SUI), urge incontinence (UI) or a combination of the two. The other types of UI are relatively infrequent. Amongst these, SUI is the commonest. SUI leads to small amounts of urine being leaked in situations when the intra-abdominal pressure rises. This leads to wetness in the perineal area, excoriation of skin and can be a source of major social embarrassment. It may lead to women avoiding social interactions and becoming reclusive. Methods: This study was conducted at an Urban Government Women’s hospital over a period of twelve months. A total of 1200 women above 20 years of age who met the inclusion criteria were included. Consent of the patient was taken. The data was collected using a predesigned proforma. Results: We studied 1200 cases out of which 228 (19%) cases were found to have stress urinary incontinence. Conclusions: Stress urinary incontinence amongst women is a problem which is underdiagnosed. Awareness about the disease and simple clinical evaluation can lead to diagnosis. The study highlights ignorance about the problem and need to evaluate and treat these patients.