Vol. 4, Issue 10 (2018)
Effect of smoking and tobacco chewing on periodontal health: A cross sectional study
Author(s): Dr. K Upasana, Dr. Mukesh Kumar, Dr. Shivendra Chaudhary
Abstract: Introduction: Smoking is a major etiological factor for periodontal disease. Apart from Smoking smokeless tobacco products have been in existence for thousands of years among populations in South America and Southeast Asia in varied forms such as Khaini, Gutkha, moist plug, Toombak, etc. Over time, these products have gained popularity throughout the world. Smokeless tobacco is consumed without burning the product and can be used orally and through nasal route. These causes a lot of problems in the oral cavity. Methods: This cross-sectional study investigated the effect of commonly used smokeless tobacco on periodontal health in local population of Nalanda, Bihar, India. Population in the age group of 10-60 years (mean age =32.81±11.74 years) was evaluated. Dentate patients with at least one mandibular and one maxillary tooth on both sides of arch (both males and females) were included and questioner evaluation of data was done. Results: Greater gingival inflammation was seen in smokeless tobacco users and alone smokeless tobacco users than non-tobacco users. Maximum incidence of smokeless tobacco consumption was observed in the age group 21–30 years (39.4%), whereas minimum consumption was observed in the age group 10–20 years (7.5%). The peak smokeless tobacco consumption was observed between the ages 21 and 40 years.