Vol. 4, Issue 10 (2018)
Factors responsible for scorpion sting and assessment of complications and severity of scorpion sting in Children from Gaya, Bihar
Author(s): Sadhana Kumari, Ravindra Kumar
Abstract: Scorpion sting is very common in rural India and is the commonest envenomation in our hospital followed by snake bite. Mortality due to scorpion envenomation has now come down significantly with the use of Prazosin and other advances that is dobutamine for supporting the heart in severe cases. Based on the severity of the scorpion sting in children, the current study was planned to assess the clinical parameters as well as the complications observed after administration of the Prazosin. The study was planned on the 50 children of age 1 -8 years having positive scorpion sting who were referred to Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College, Gaya, Bihar. At the time of admission, the patient’s clinical history was recorded in prefixed proforma. The approval of the institutional ethics committee had been taken before the study. Informed consent was taken from parents.. The aim and the objective of the study was conveyed to all patients. The present study revealed that scorpion sting envenomation is a common medical emergency among children. It is common in rural areas and among boys. The site of sting was predominantly in the lower limbs and during nights of summer season. Timely referral and early therapy with prazosin may be lifesaving. Hence care should be taken on childrens to prevent the scorpion sting. Also immediate medical treatment available will save the further complications.