Vol. 4, Issue 11 (2018)
Assessment of the various study of factors associated with low birth weight in new-borns
Author(s): Dr. Sushil Kumar Pathak, Dr. AK Jaiswal
Abstract: Low birth weight constitutes as sixty to eighty percent of the infant mortality rate in developing countries. Infant mortality due to low birth weight is usually directly causal, stemming from other medical complications. Hence study has been planned to study the factors prevailing in a particular area responsible for low birth weight. With this background in mind the objective of the present study was to identify the maternal risk factors associated with LBW. The data from the total 60 new born cases enrolled from Upgraded department of Pediatrics, Patna Medical College & Hospital, Patna from Feb 2017 to Dec 2017 in the present study were collected. The 60 cases were divided in the two study groups. The Group A includes the new born having the weight less than 2499gm and Group B includes the new born having the weight of more than 2499 gm. From the above study it can be concluded that Birth weight is an important factor affecting the neonatal and infant mortality and morbidity. The present study proposes that there are several factors interplaying which lead to LBW babies. Socio-demographic factors (maternal age, educational level and economic status) and antenatal care are more important. Hence precaution should be taken to early recognition of maternal illness and complications that are essential for reducing the LBW in new-borns.