Vol. 4, Issue 11 (2018)
Prevalence and clinical outcomes of the childrens suffered by dengue fever in north Indian population
Author(s): Dr. Akhilesh Kumar, Dr. Alka Singh
Abstract: The resurgence of dengue has been observed in India and varied clinical presentations are being reported in the outbreaks reported from different geographical locations. Hence based on the reported findings the present study was planned to evaluate the prevalence and clinical outcomes of the childrens suffered by dengue fever. The study has planned in NMCH Patna from August 2016 to August 2017. The 50 childrens detected with dengue were enrolled in to the study. The age group of the patients are below 15 years. The patients visited to Out Patient Department (OPD) and in-patient department (IPD) of a tertiary care hospital in North India were considered in the study. All the patients are informed consents. The entire patient’s clinical history was collected. Increase in the number of dengue cases over the past few years has been attributed to rapid unplanned urbanization with unchecked construction activities and poor sanitation facilities contributing fertile breeding areas for mosquitoes. Dengue is taking epidemic form in India. It is one of the common acute febrile illnesses seen in India like enteric fever, malaria, leptospirosis, and viral hepatitis. Symptoms like fever, vomiting, headache and musculoskeletal pain, haemorrhagic tendencies, hepatomegaly, macular rash, pleural effusion and ascites are commonly the presenting features of dengue fever. Laboratory findings may reveal hemo concentration, elevated liver enzymes and thrombocytopenia. Early diagnosis, monitoring and prompt supportive management can reduce mortality in dengue.