Vol. 4, Issue 11 (2018)
Clinical assessment of prevalence and outcome of urinary tract infection in childrens in ANMMCH, Gaya
Author(s): Dr. Sadhana Kumari, Dr. Rajnish Kumar, Dr. Ravindra Kumar
Abstract: The previous reported data suggesting that preventive antibiotics decrease urinary tract infections in children is questionable. However recurrent UTIs are a rare cause of further kidney problems if there are no underlying abnormalities of the kidneys, resulting in less than a third of a percent of chronic kidney disease in adults. Many risk factors are responsible for initial urinary tract infection and recurrent urinary tract infection. This study aims to analyse the risk factors associated with urinary tract infection and analyse the clinical and demographic profile of urine culture positive urinary tract infection patients coming to our hospital. In the present study we enrolled 50 children diagnosed with the symptoms of the urinary tract infections from December 2017 to August 2018. The study was planned in children referred to IPD and OPD department of Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College, Gaya, Bihar. The age of the childrens enrolled in the present study was ranging from 1 to 10 years. The study group in which the risk factors were analysed had a male preponderance and belonged to low socioeconomic class. In our study population, fever and increased frequency are two important symptoms followed by abdominal pain. Recurrent infection was most often due to unresolved bacteriuria or persistent bacteriuria than reinfection. Common organisms causing urinary tract infection in our study population are E. coli followed by Klebsiella, proteus and pseudomonas.